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What is the story behind a Confederate encampment by Burnt Mill Creek during the Civil War?

Merton Vance

We put this question to UNCW history professor Chris Fonvielle. Here’s his response:

What we call Burnt Mill Creek today was known as Green’s Millpond during the Civil War. The real Burnt Mill Creek runs along the west and north boundaries of Oakdale Cemetery.

Confederate engineers built strong earthen defenses along the west bank of Green’s Millpond to guard against an enemy from the east, by way of Market Street. The National Cemetery at 20th and Market streets was officially established in 1867, although U.S. military personnel were buried there shortly after Wilmington fell to Union forces in late February 1865.

A large Confederate encampment called Camp Whiting was located near Green’s Millpond, close to today’s 18th and Market. The camp was operational for sure by November 1863. Just prior to the second attack on Fort Fisher in mid-January 1865, General Robert F. Hoke’s division was stationed at Camp Whiting, named for General W.H.C. Whiting, commander of the District of the Cape Fear.

Whiting was mortally wounded in the Battle for Fort Fisher, Jan. 15, 1865, and died two months later in a Union military prison in New York.

Chris Fonvielle

Dept. of History, UNC Wilmington

Fonvielle is a native of Wilmington who has done extensive research on the Civil War. He is the author of two books on the Civil War along North Carolina’s coast, The Wilmington Campaign: Last Rays of Departing Hope (Savas Publishing, 1997) and Fort Anderson: Battle for Wilmington (Savas Publishing, 1999)

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2 Responses to “ What is the story behind a Confederate encampment by Burnt Mill Creek during the Civil War?”

  1. On January 10, 2012 at 8:39 am James Thomas Horn wrote:


    This also mentions a Camp Whiting at the Lockwood Folly River Bridge. Corps of Engineers is preventing a lot owner from building in RiverSea on Sonata on Lockwood Folly River. They say that a Civil War Weapons/Ammunitions dump was once there. Should this area be declared a historic area?

    Jim Hirn
    First RiverSea Resident

  2. On January 18, 2012 at 2:04 am Jim Horn wrote:

    The street is Sonata regarding possible Civil War site on Lockwood Folly.

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